Neo-Aramaic (Targum) was the purely oral language of the Jewish Kurds. Upon its Neo-Aramaic base, Targum also included aspects of the Kurdish language of Kur-manji, Arabic, Turkish, Old Aramaic, and Hebrew. Since Targum was a spoken language, not employed in writing, its vocabulary and pronunciation did not have a standard form and marked variations existed.
   There were at least three overall categories of local dialects. The western category was spoken in Amadiya, Dehok, Nirwa, and Zakho in Iraq and in Diyarbakir, Urfa, Mardin, and Cizre in Turkey. The northwestern category was spoken in Persian Azerbaijan, while the southeastern category was used in the Persian areas of Kurdistan to the south as well as in Rawanduz, Irbil, and Sulaymaniya in Iraq.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

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  • NEO-ARAMAIC — NEO ARAMAIC, general name for the various branches of spoken Aramaic, both western and eastern. Three groups of dialects are known. The first includes the dialects of Maʿlūla, a continuation of the western branch of Middle Aramaic, spoken by… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Neo-Aramaic languages — Neo Aramaic Modern Aramaic Ethnicity: Assyrians Geographic distribution: Iraq, Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey and diaspora Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Chaldean Neo-Aramaic — ܟܠܕܝܐ Kaldāyâ, ܣܘܼܪܲܝܬ Sōreth Sûret in written Syriac (Madnkhaya script) Pronunciati …   Wikipedia

  • Central Neo-Aramaic — See Northeastern Neo Aramaic for the other languages of the larger group. Central Neo Aramaic Northwestern Neo Aramaic Geographic distribution: Mardin and Diyarbakır provinces in Turkey, Qamishli and al Hasakah in Syria; also in Sweden and… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic — Infobox Language name=Assyrian Neo Aramaic nativename=ܐܬܘܪܝܐ Ātûrāyâ , ܣܘܪܬ Sûret states=Armenia, Australia, Azerbaijan, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Sweden, Syria, United States region=Hakkari Turkey, Urmia Iran speakers=210,231 (fluent), [… …   Wikipedia

  • Northeastern Neo-Aramaic — NENA Geographic distribution: traditionally spoken from the plain of Urmia to the plain of Mosul, in Iran, Turkey and Iraq; now, most speakers are in North America and Israel Linguistic classification …   Wikipedia

  • Western Neo-Aramaic — language familycolor=Afro Asiatic name=Western Neo Aramaic nativename=ܐܪܡޑܬ Aramîth , آرامي Ārāmī states=Syria region=Anti Lebanon mountains: Ma loula, Bakh a and Jubb adin. speakers=15,000 fam2=Semitic fam3=Central Semitic fam4=Aramaic… …   Wikipedia

  • Bohtan Neo-Aramaic — language name=Bohtan Neo Aramaic nativename=ܣܘܪܬ Sôreth states=Georgia, Russia region=Mainly in Gardabani village, Georgia speakers=1,000 familycolor=Afro Asiatic fam2=Semitic fam3=Central Semitic fam4=Aramaic fam5=Eastern Aramaic fam6=Central… …   Wikipedia

  • Barzani Jewish Neo-Aramaic — Infobox Language name=Barzani Jewish Neo Aramaic nativename=לשניד דינן Lišānîd Jānān states=Israel region=Jerusalem, originally from Bijil in Iraqi Kurdistan speakers=20 second language speakers, effectively extinct familycolor=Afro Asiatic… …   Wikipedia

  • Assyrian Neo-Aramaic — noun the language of modern Iraq • Syn: ↑Assyrian • Regions: ↑Iraq, ↑Republic of Iraq, ↑Al Iraq, ↑Irak • Hypernyms: ↑Aramaic …   Useful english dictionary

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